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The recent discovery of a gas field off the northern coast has turned Mozambique into an attraction for energy multinationals. Expats are also drawn to Mozambique’s coal mines and oil reserves, and also to the booming construction industry.
Work Permit (Quota) – for foreign nationals to work in Mozambique on a local contract, provided that the host entity has a quota for foreign hires
Work Permit (Out of Quota) – for foreign nationals to work in Mozambique whereby the host entity does not have a quota for foreign hires. (This process will be longer and more onerous than a quota application
Short Term Work Authorisation – for foreign nationals to work in Mozambique for up to 30 consecutive or non-consecutive days per calendar year following a communication from the Mozambican host company to the Ministry of Labour
Short Term Work Authorisation (Oil, Gas and Mining Sector) – For foreign nationals working in the oil, gas and mining sector for up to 180 consecutive or non-consecutive days in twelve months following a communication from the Mozambican host company to the Ministry of Labour
Processes and requirements will vary according to the labour market at the time of application, the type of work permit being applied for, the nationality of the applicant, the country of application and personal circumstances of the assignee and any family dependants. We therefore recommend that you contact us for up-to-date information.
However, the general process generally involves the following:
First the host entity needs to communicate the intended employment within quota to the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security (MITESS) in the province where the applicant will be stationed.Work authorisations are granted at the discretion of the Ministry of Labour. The work permit and work contract must be stamped by the Ministry and a notarised copy is sent to the applicant for them to apply for a work/residence (entry) visa at the Mozambican diplomatic post overseas.
Once the work/residence visa is issued the applicant can enter Mozambique and start work. Post-entry, an application for Temporary Residence Authorisation (DIRE) must be submitted to the local Immigration Service where the assignee is residing.
Note: Those needing to leave the country while the DIRE is being processed are required to apply for an exit permit (declaração de saída).
Requirements will vary according to type of work permit, country of application, and nationality of the applicant and any dependants.
Applicants will be required to submit a variety of personal documents to support the application which may include, but are not limited to: original passport plus a certified copy of every page, academic transcript, education certificates – secondary school and university, notarised dissertation, police clearance certificate, job description, Mozambican employment contract, return flight booking, birth and marriage certificates of any family dependants; as well as a variety of corporate documents which may include: support letters, notarised copy of business licence, notarised copy of Relação Nominal, National Institute of Social Security Certificate, tax/finance clearance certificate and Undertaking of Responsibility, fee for trade union of the relevant sector, proof of labour market test.
Some personal documents will need to be translated and/or legalised prior to submission. Newland Chase can assist with this.
Processing times will vary according to type of work permit, country of application, and nationality of the applicant and any dependants. However, an indication of processing times is as follows:
Work Permit (Quota) – Typically takes 1 to 4 months until entry to Mozambique, and a further 1 to 3 months before the whole process is completed
Work Permit (Out of Quota) – Typically takes 3 to 8 months until entry to Mozambique, and a further 1 to 3 months before the whole process is completed
Short Term Work Authorisation – 2 weeks to 1 month until entry to Mozambique, and a further 1 to 2 weeks before the whole process is completed
Short Term Work Authorisation (Oil, Gas and Mining Sector) – 2 weeks to 1 month until entry to Mozambique, and a further 1 to 2 weeks before the whole process is completed
Work Permit – Generally granted for an initial period of up to 2 years and is renewable subject to meeting the requirements. Note that the residence card must be renewed every 12 months.
Short Term Work Authorisation – The business visa may be granted for up to 180 day validity with multiple entries (of 30 days at a time) into the country, at the discretion of the Mozambican Consulate, but is most commonly granted for 30 days only.
It is strictly prohibited to carry out any work related activity on a business or tourist visa. Therefore, while there is nothing to stop you from looking for jobs, you would not be able to commence any form of employment until you have acquired the appropriate work authorisation.
Business visas are in connection with a planned or existing business or economic activity, except when the trip involves the provision of services of any nature. Business visas may be valid for three months or for six months.
If the assignee wishes to enter the country to receive short-term training, usually a student visa is issued.
Foreigners holding Temporary Residence for more than 10 years may be eligible for Permanent Residence
Permanent Residence Permits are valid for five years and renewable as long as the conditions for them having been granted continue to exist.
Requirements are subject to change and the application process will vary depending on visa type, country of application, nationality and personal circumstances, As such we advise consult with your Newland Chase Immigration Advisor for current and detailed information.
Some supporting documentation will require legalisation, which, depending on the country of origin, may take several weeks.
The application procedure for a Work Visa can be time-consuming and complex and therefore you would be advised to start the visa application process well in advance of the desired date of relocation.
It is essential that anyone planning to work in Mozambique enters the country on the correct visa. Having entered on a different type of visa, a work visa can only be issued if the applicant leaves the country and applies to their nearest Mozambican embassy or consulate.
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Republic of Mozambique
24,692,144 (2014 estimate)
Mozambican Metical (MZN)